Pedodontics

Pedodontics 2017-05-10T18:05:04+03:00

PRIMARY TEETH :

It is the first human teeth, twenty (20) in their summary, which are beginning to appear in the child’s mouth seven months after birth and the eruption is completed about the twenty-fourth month (the appearance inside the mouth all twenty primary teeth)

Until the age of 6 – 7 years primary teeth remain in the oral cavity, and begins gradually to fall and the replacement from the permanent teeth, which is a total of thirty two (32.) The last primary tooth falls from the mouth around the age of 12 years

Frequent Dental Questions

The chronological development of primary teeth are:

6th month centrals incisors in the lower jaw
10th month centrals incisors in the upper jaw
11th month lateral incisors on the upper jaw
13th month lateral incisors on the lower jaw
16th month first molars on the upper and lower jaw
19th month canines on the upper and the lower jaw
27th month second molars on the lower jaw
30th month second molars on the upper jaw

Indications of removal of primary teeth :

1. Primary teeth which are damaged and the treatment and restoration is not possible. 2. Cases of acute alveolar abscess.
3. Cases of root fracture after trauma
4. Over retained primary teeth
5. Preventing eruption of a permanent tooth

The chronological development of permanent teeth are:

6th –7th year : central incisor lower jaw, first molar upper, first molar lower jaw
7th –8th year : central incisor upper, lateral incisor lower
8th –9th year : lateral incisor upper
10th –11th year : first premolar upper
10th –12th year : canines lower, first premolar lower, second premolar upper
11th –12th year : canine upper, second premolar lower
12th –13th year : second molar upper, second molar lower
17th –21th year : third molar upper and lower

PREVENTIVE FILLINGS OR SEALANTS :

Preventive fillings or Sealants is a method that we apply to prevent the dental caries. More specifically, we cover the occlusal surface of a tooth with a specific composite resin to protect certain teeth susceptible to caries
Applies to :

● Children 6-8 years to protect the first permanent molars just erupted in the oral cavity
● In cases of back teeth with deep pits and fissures
● People with disabilities who find it difficult to apply proper oral hygiene
● In some cases early signs of dental caries

The whole process is painless, requires short time and does not need any grinding of the tooth
The duration of sealants have a lifetime up to five years and certainly need re-examination once a year to determine their status

FLUORIDE TREATMENT :

Fluoride helps to increase tooth resistance to dental caries and is used to prevent and reduce tooth decay in children’s teeth from the dentist.
Other sources of fluoride intake are:

● By drinking water
● Through the salt
● Through milk
● Through the sugar
● Through the toothpaste with fluoride
● Through mouthwashes containing fluoride
● Through the special tablets or drops, etc.

Fluoridation is indicated immediately after the eruption of the first permanent tooth to the jaw, ie at the age of 6-15 years

The process is very simple, painless and harmless. We use sterile plastic trays with a special fluoride gel for the upper and lower jaw, respectively, for 1 minute

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